TM53 Compact Square Baler by Abbriata

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Get big time hay production from your compact tractor!  Abbriata square balers can produce up to 400 bales per hour, and you only need a 20+ horsepower tractor to operate them.  Quality Italian manufacturing ensures reliable service and maximum durability.  These balers are crafted for commercial use in the mountains of Northern Italy, but will be just as at home on your farm!
Purchase includes two spools of polypropylene twine.


In stock!

Tractor Tools Direct is proud to offer the Abbriata line of square balers. These are heavy duty machines that can be operated by your existing 20+ horsepower compact tractor.

Square balers give you the highest production rate because you never have to stop to tie a bale as you would with a round baler. The machine continuously ties and drops the bales out the back. And while traditional square balers require a tractor of 40 horsepower or more, Abbriata has changed the design slightly to allow you to bale with a tractor as small as 20 horsepower. Though the design is very similar to the original International Harvester design still in use by most manufacturers, it differs in a few important ways. Aside from the width of the pickup, these balers make a slightly smaller bale (hardly noticeable to most people). The plunger compresses the hay with more strokes per minute, meaning less hay is compressed with each stroke, allowing operation with less horsepower.

Abbriata has been in business for over 100 years and was the first company in Europe to develop both the mini round baler and the square baler. They make a commercial-duty, reliable machines that will give you years of trouble-free service.

Model TM53 Compact Square Baler
Manufacturer Model M60 Super
Bale chamber 13.5″ x 17.5″
Average bale weight 35 – 55 lbs
Bale length 16″ -51″
Space between twines 7 1/8″
Capacity 400 bales/hour
Ram 90 strokes/minute
Width of pickup 53″
Machine weight 2205 lbs
Overall width 77″
Length 155″
Height 53″
Minimum tractor P.T.O. 20 HP
Minimum tractor weight 2300 lbs
The Abbriata Compact Square balers ship on a flatbed trailer.

The Abbriata Compact Square balers ship on a flatbed trailer.

This item cannot be shipped via commercial freight. Please call 260-225-3429 to arrange shipping on this item.

There is no assembly charge for this item.

When it comes to choosing a baler, there are a multitude of choices. Even within the various categories of balers there are important distinctions. For the purpose of this discussion, we will concentrate on mini round balers and small square balers. Most small farmers do not have a large enough tractor in either weight or horsepower to consider a big round baler or big square baler. If that’s what you’re looking for, there are many other places to find information. For the rest of you, this guide will help you determine which baler is the best choice for your tractor and your operation. Figure 5 summarizes the different criteria for choosing the right baler for your small tractor operation.

The word is spreading about mini round balers. Once a rare oddity, many small farmers are finding that they are the best choice for getting their hay in the barn. The mini round baler works on the same principle as its bigger cousin, rolling the hay inside a chamber until it reaches a certain size, and then wrapping the bale with either twine or net and ejecting it out the rear of the machine.

The size of a mini round bale is roughly the same as the small square bales most people are used to seeing. They generally weigh 40-55 pounds and can be easily lifted by one person.

The mini round baler can be connected to the tractor either by the 3-point hitch or by a drawbar. Though most brands only connect by 3-point hitch, there are two baler models that connect to the tractor’s drawbar: the Abbriata M50 and the Caeb MP550. This is an important option to have in a mini round baler. Not only is connection much easier, but drawbar connection does not require you to lift the baler off the ground when turning corners. Many tractors are not capable of lifting something this heavy, so turning corners could be a problem with a 3-point mounted baler.

Both the Abbriata and the Caeb also have the option of running the baler out to the side of the tractor. This feature gives you improved visibility of the baler’s pickup, and also prevents hay from getting hung up on the underside of your tractor. This is extremely helpful with larger windrows and/or short tractors.

Another feature to look for with a mini round baler is whether it has gathering wheels on the sides of the pickup. Because of their diminutive size, their actual pickup width is only about 30 inches. This requires you to either make very small windrows, or miss a lot of hay. With gathering wheels, the effective pickup width is increased by half again as much. That means you can rake a bigger windrow, reducing the number of passes through the field with both your rake and your baler.

Most mini round balers also are available with the option of wrapping the bale in netting rather than string. There are a few advantages to net wrap. First, the binding process is much faster with net wrap, since the bale only has to turn 2 to 3 times rather than 8 to 12 in order to be wrapped. That means you are stopped for a shorter period of time while the bale is being wrapped, increasing production rate by 25% or more. Second, net wrap provides excellent protection to the bale against rain. Studies have shown that net wrap bales left outdoors for extended periods still only have spoilage in the first inch of the bale. This means the urgency of getting the bales out of the field and in the barn is reduced. Third, if the bales will be handled multiple times, net wrap will hold the bale together better, with less material loss. This can be especially important in the pine straw industry.

The main advantage of twine wrap is economy. Mini round balers use standard twine which is readily available at most farm stores and is fairly inexpensive. The cost per bale with twine is around 10 cents versus around 30 cents for net wrap. One other advantage of twine wrap is for the farmer who wants to leave the bales in the field for grazing animals to eat through the winter. This used to be a common practice for farmers who baled with the Allis-Chalmers Rotobaler. The bales from the last baling of the season would be left spread across the field. Animals grazing in the field could nudge the bales to roll them over, exposing fresh hay. Natural sisal twine was used which rotted off the bale over time, allowing the grazing animals to get to the interior of the bale.

Figure 3 shows several criteria that might be used to decide between net and string wrap.

Figure 3.

Advantages of the mini round baler are:

• Very low horsepower requirement. A mini round baler needs only around 15 horsepower to operate.

• Lighter weight. Round balers weigh much less than square balers. This means they are safer to operate on hills, and tractors of any size can easily pull them.

• Simpler design. Round balers are simpler machines than square balers, with fewer adjustments required and fewer parts to break.

• Smoother operation. Square balers “kick” up to 90 times per minute. On a small tractor this constant jerking motion can be somewhat fatiguing.

• Small size. A mini round baler will actually fit in the back of a pickup truck. In storage it will take up about a quarter as much space as a square baler.

• Better weather resistance. If there is any chance the bales may stay in the field for any extended period of time, mini round bales will hold up much better to rain and dew. Net wrap provides an even higher level of protection.

Disadvantages are:

• Lower output capacity. Because of the smaller pickup of a round baler and the need to stop when tying a bale, production rate with a mini round baler will only be about 1/3 to ½ what is possible with a square baler.

• Marketability. If you sell hay, you may find that your customers, who are accustomed to square balers, will not like the round bales. Practically speaking there is no difference, but people tend to stick with what they know.

• Stacking. These mini round bales actually stack well. But they will never stack as tight as a stack of square bales. This really only makes a difference if you are needing to stack 15 or 20 feet high.

The first machines that baled hay baled square bales. Though first a stationary machine, the square baler eventually evolved in the late 1930’s into the machine we know today. Since the International Harvester square baler was mass-produced in the 1940’s, the design of the square baler has changed very little. The basic concept is still the same, with tines that pick up the loose hay and feed it into a chamber, where a plunger moves back and forth, compressing the hay into a rectangular chute. From there twine or wire is wrapped around the compressed hay and periodically tied off and cut, and the process continues. The tying mechanism of a baler is a wonder to behold, even 70+ years after its invention.

Square balers can work quickly and continuously, dropping a new bale in the field as often as every 10 seconds or less. It only takes one afternoon to have as many as 1000 bales or more spread out across a hay field. Getting the bales in the barn becomes a high priority at this point. Square bales left in the field overnight will tend to soak up dew and moisture from the ground. Getting them dry enough to stack in the barn the next day can take time. For every hour that square bales sit in the field you are also risking a rain storm. Square bales that get rained on can be completely ruined. There is nothing more disheartening than having a field full of ruined square bales, that now weigh 100 pounds each, and knowing you have to get them off the field and piled somewhere.

Most standard square balers on the market require 35 horsepower at your tractor’s PTO, and a minimum tractor weight of around 3000 pounds. That means that they cannot be run with today’s compact tractors. Abbriata square balers, however, can be operated with tractors of as little as 16 PTO horsepower and weighing as little as 2000 pounds. On flat ground, even lighter weight tractors are sufficient.

Abbriata makes square balers in 3 sizes. The smallest of the three, the Mini/S, has a total width of only 59 inches, making it the narrowest baler in the compact square baler class. The narrow width is great if you have gates or trees through which you need to navigate. Requiring only 16 PTO horsepower, almost any tractor can power it.

The Abbriata Mini is a slightly wider baler, with a pickup width of 42 inches, 6 inches wider than the Mini/S. This pickup width is wide enough for most windrows, yet still only requires 17 PTO horsepower to operate. At a total width of 66 inches, it will still fit through a 6-foot gate.

The Abbriata M60 Super has the widest pickup width in the compact baler class at a full 53 inches. That means you can make larger windrows, resulting in fewer trips through the field and more consistent bale density. And the M60 Super can bale up to 400 bales per hour, on par with domestic square balers on the market.

Figure 4 compares the Abbriata line of square balers to other square balers available on the market.

A square baler has the following advantages:

• High baling capacity. Square balers never have to stop to wrap or tie a bale, so are able to bale a maximum tonnage in a given period of time.

• Easy-to-handle bales. Square bales are the easiest shape to stack, and with an average weight of around 40 pounds for an Abbriata square bale, are easy to lift and move around.

• Resale. If you are selling your hay, most customers will prefer the familiar shape and easy-feeding flakes of a square bale.

The disadvantages of a square baler are:

• Weight. Square balers are quite heavy compared to a mini round baler. If you are baling steep slopes or have a very small tractor, a square baler’s weight can become hazardous.

• Bales can’t be rained on. Square bales have no resistance to moisture, acting like a sponge in wet conditions.

• Mechanically complicated. Though a properly maintained square baler will run for years without any adjustments needed, a square baler must be carefully and properly set up and timed to work properly. Damage can occur to a baler that is mis-timed.

Figure 4.

Figure 5.

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Great for the larger compact utility tractors, these implements still only require modest horsepower.

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* These are some examples of tractors. For implement compatibility check the product specifications. Call us to ensure that your tractor is a perfect fit: (260)225-3429. We're here to help!

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